Fitness Programs Features According to the Body Types of High School Girls

  • Danilo Contiero University of the West of Scotland
  • Liudmyla Vashchuk Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Keywords: high school girls, fitness programs, body types, motivation, health

Abstract

The Actuality of the Research. Fitness is one of the most innovative approaches in the establishment of the physical training programme, which is good for shaping the body and body mass. Fitness contributes to the harmonization of physical development and improves the functional statement of body’s system. In the contemporary scientific researches it is expected that theoretical-methodological basis of fitness integration in the school system of physical education will contribute to increasing of physical preparedness level and motivation to practice sports among the teenagers, their physical development, health promotion, socialization and self-determination. The Methods of the Research. The analysis of academic papers, questionnaire, testing, medical examination of students, pedagogical experiment; determination of the level of physical development and physical preparedness; mathematical statistics method. The study was conducted on the basis of the Lutsk Middle School of General Education I–III levels № 18, Lutsk Middle School of General Education I– III levels № 25, Lutsk Jurisprudential Lyceum of Heavy Physical Training. 120 high school girls were involved in the study. The Results of the Research. Different physical types were taken into account by developing fitness programs (asthenic, hypersthenic, normosthenic). The results of the study show that 22 % of high school girls are asthenic body type, 19 % are hypersthenic, 59 % of high school girls are normosthenic body type. The strength exercises to increase the body mass and improve the muscle tone are recommended for girls of asthenic body type with slight stature, above average height, narrow shoulders, thin limbs and underweight. The high school girls of hypersthenic body type are with a massive body, average height, broad shoulders, short limbs and they are overweight. Physical exercises for them were focused on decrease in weight of a body, the reduction of body types (shoulders, thorax, stomach, pelvis, hips), the reduction of adipose tissue. The high school girls of normosthenic body type have relatively proportional body. That is why the physical activities are aimed at improvement of muscle tone, slowdown of body mass and reduction of the pelvis. Висновки . Результати дослідження будуть застосовані до створення програми з метою підвищення фізичної активності та поліпшення функціональної та фізичної підготовленості для дівчат середньої школи.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Contiero, D., & Vashchuk, L. (2020). Fitness Programs Features According to the Body Types of High School Girls. Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society, (4(52), 18-22. https://doi.org/10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-18-22
Section
Physical culture, physical education of different age group population