Components of Body Weight Composition of Highly Skilled Oarsmen and Canoeing, Speakers at Different Distances
Topicality. The questions of studying the composition of the body interested people one way or another throughout human history. As evidenced by the archaeological finds of stone age figures, the prerequisites for the development of a scientific approach to the study of body composition are already in these distant times. The purpose of the work is to study the components of the body weight of highly skilled canoe rowers and the relationship of measurement data with the results of performances. Materials and Methods. A total of 146 athletes were examined, including 124 men and 22 women. To determine fat, muscle and bone masses have been used the formula Y. Ukraine and E. G. Martirosov. Results. When comparing the indicators, it was found that the group of MSMC and ZMS have better results than the group of MS and KMS, both in terms of body fat and muscle mass, and the time of the 200- meter distance. Significant differences were revealed (p<0,05). Women–videocnet in the indicators of the percentage of muscle mass in the group of ZMS and MSIC and the group of MS and MMR differences are significantly significant (p<0,05). The relationship of muscle mass parameters with the time of the 200-meter distance is statistically significant, where the correlation coefficient was 3,42, with r<0,390 for 5 % of the significance level. 500 meter distance from the men in terms of fat, muscle, bone mass and the transit time of a competitive 500-meter distance, the best results are VMT and MSIC than the canoeists from the group of MS and MMR. The differences are on average, respectively, of 4,77% and 4,04 C. these differences were statistically significant (p<0,05). At the same distance in female kayakers differences are statistically significant in terms of relative fat and muscle mass (p<0,05). In the group of ZMS and MSMC, between sports results and bone mass of athletes, where r=0,352, the relationship is significant (p<0,05). At a distance of 1000 m athletes of the group of ZMS and MSMC on all indicators exceed the group of MS and KMS, but the differences are not reliable (p>0,05). The correlation between the body fat mass and the time of passing the competitive distance is statistically significant (p<0,05). A similar trend is in men, performing at a distance of 5000 m, where athletes of the group of ZMS and MSMC in all indicators exceed the group of MS and KMS, but the differences are not significant (p>0,05). Conclusions. It was revealed that a group of world-class athlete and PMN men at a distance of 200 m to fat and muscle mass of the body superior to the MS group and the CCM. The differences were significant (p<0,05). Women on indicators of fat and muscle mass in a group of ZMS and MSIC and the group of MS and MMR differences are significantly significant (p<0,05). It is noted that at a distance of 500 m the best indicators are athletes of the msmk group and ZMS, both in men and women. According to the parameters of fat and muscle mass in the athletes of the examined groups the differences were significantly significant (p<0,05). At a distance of 1000 m the best values have athletes group msmk and ZMS, but the values are not statistically reliable. It was found that the group of MSMC and ZMS in men has a better result than the group of MS AND KMS, both in the time of passage of the 5000-meter distance, and in terms of body weight, but the differences are not significant (p>0,05).
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