Features of Increasing the Motor Activity of Students in USA
Topicality. Numerical studies of the health status of students in American schools, which were conducted in the 80s of the 20th century, show that the cardiovascular fitness parameters have significantly decreased. A significant proportion of students older than 11 years were overweight and obese. That is why it was concluded that the main factors that adversely affect the health, physical development and physical fitness of children and student youth are the mode of physical inactivity (low mobility in a significant part of schoolchildren), another factor associated with a small number of physical education lessons in some schools (one or two a week) and unsuccessful organization of sports-mass robots with students during off-hour work. Objective – to analyze and summarize the experience of general education schools in the United States regarding the organization and content of pupils' movement activity after school hours. Research Methods – analysis of the literature on the theory and methods of physical education, pedagogy and documents relating to the reform of school education in USA, materials of scientific and practical conferences on the problem of physical education of schoolchildren. The Results of the Study. In connection with the situation that has arisen with the implementation of health-improving tasks in educational institutions of the USA, the Presidential Council has developed recommendations for the administration of education in states, school principals and physical education teachers. Features of physical education in American schools is that in each state for schools to develop their own curriculum. Therefore, the number of lessons of physical education in American schools and classes may have their cancellations. To conduct extracurricular sports-mass robots at school, the teacher prepares a physical education program. Its contents are those sports that are chosen by pupils for extracurricular sports activities. The teacher can also create a combined program with physical education, which will combine basic and elective programs. Teachers of physical education are encouraged to include in the program such types of physical exercises and sports disciplines: sports, gymnastics and acrobatics, dancing, water sports, which a person can do all his life. This takes into account the school's sports base, regional. Climatic and geographical conditions and the interests of students to these sports disciplines. Conclusion. Physical education is a mandatory part of the US school system. It is implemented in the form of lessons, individual physical education and sports (sports sections, recreational activities, competitions, etc.). The program of physical education in American schools is aimed at improving the comprehensive physical readiness and creating a healthy lifestyle, nurturing positive moral and volitional qualities.
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