Characteristic of Social Conflicts in the Field of Physical Culture and Sports
Relevance of the Research Topic. In any interpersonal relationships often arise conflict situations. The field of physical culture and sports is also no exception. In the conditions of intensive training and competitive activity, tension and conflict potential increase. This is due to the lack of psychological preparation of the individual for constructive interaction. In this regard, the importance of scientific research of social conflicts that arise in the field of physical culture and sports with the use of an integrated approach is actualized. The purpose of the research is to characterize the legal nature of social conflicts in the field of physical culture and sports. Methods of research – analysis and synthesis of literary sources; system analysis; math modeling. Results of the Study. Systematization of scientific studies of social conflicts in the field of physical culture and sports allowed to find out their temporal and spatial framework, to characterize the participants, subject, object, stage of development and types. The essence of social conflicts, which may or may not be legal in nature, is disclosed. The features of legal conflicts and their manifestation in the field of physical culture and sports are determined. A geometric model is constructed that characterizes the space of legal regulation of social conflicts. Conclusions. It is revealed that conflicts in the sphere of physical culture and sports are related to the social type of conflicts, which are characterized by frames, participants, object, object, stages of development and type. It has been established that in the real practice of development of the sphere of physical culture and sports there are various kinds of social conflicts that are of a legal nature. They are solved using legal means and may be subject to consideration by such legal institutions as, for example, sports arbitration. The constructed model reflects the space of legal regulation of social conflicts. It is formed on the basis of three component characteristics: «needs», «resolution possibilities» and «satisfaction measures». They form three two- dimensional spaces, where the diagonals form a coordinate system.
Antsupov, A. Ya., Shipilov, A. I. (2007). Konfliktologiya [Conflict resolution]: ucheb. dlya vuzov. SPb: Piter, 496.
Bandurka, A. M., Druz`, V. A. (1997). Konfliktologiya [Conflict resolution]: uchiebnoe posobie dlia vuzov. Har`kov: Un-t vnutr. del, 355.
Vishniakova, N. F. (2002). Konfliktologiya [Conflict resolution]: uchebnoe posobie. Minsk: Universitetskoe, 317.
Vlasova, G. B. (2016). Yuridicheskaya konfliktologiya [Legal Conflict resolution]: uchebnoe posobie. Moskva: Feniks. 251.
Galkin, V. V. (2010). Konflikty v sportie. Poniatiye i vidy [Conflicts in sports. Concept and types] M.: Prospekt, 113.
Gunibskiy, M. Sh. (2017). Yuridicheskaya konfliktologiya [Legal Conflictology]: uchebnoe posobie. Moskva: NORMA. 547.
Zalizko O. (2018). Sportyvnii spir: poniattia i klasyfikatsiia [Sports Dispute: Concept and Classification]. Natsionalnyiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal: teoriya i praktika, no. 3, 78–80.
Kolomeytsev, Yu. A. (1984). Vzaimootnosheniya v sportivnoy komande [Relationships in a sports team]. M.: Fizkultura i sport, 128.
Kotlova, L. O. (2013). Psykholohiia konfliktu [Psychology of Conflict]: kurs lektsii: navchalnyi posibnyk. Zhytomyr: Vyd-vo ZhDU im. I. Franka, 112.
Krohina, Yu. A. (2011). Metodologicheskie osnovy sotsiologii fizicheskoy kulturyi i sporta [Methodological foundations of the sociology of physical culture and sports]: uchebnik. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: YuNITI- DANA, 463.
Kuzin, V. V., Kutepov, M. E., Holodnyak D. G. (1996). Sportivnyi arbitrazh [Sports Arbitration] M.: FON, 165.
Lukaschuk, V. (2010). Sovremennyiy sport i sotsialnyie konfliktyi [Modern sports and social conflicts]. Sotsiologiya: teoriya, metody, marketing, no.3, 185–197.
Milyakov, N. V. (2008). Pravovaya harakteristika i sistema sportivnyih arbitrazhnyih sudov (SAS) v mezhdunarodnom sportivnom dvizhenii. [Legal characteristic and system of sports arbitration courts (SAS) in the international sports movement]. M.: Infra-M, 383.
Petrov, S. I. (2004). Konfliktyi v sporte i sotsialno-psihologicheskiy trening kak sredstvo ih razresheniya [Conflicts in sports and socio-psychological training as a means of resolving them]: dis kand. psihol. nauk : 13.00.04 : SPb. 218.
Tanchyn, I. Z. (2008). Sotsiolohiia [Sociology]: navch. posib. dlia studentiv VNZ, aspirantiv, vykladachiv. 3-tie vyd., pererob. i dop. Kyiv: Znannia, 351.
Hamm-Kerwin, S. & Doherty, A. (2010). Intra-group conflict in non-profit sport boards. Journal of Sport Management, no. 24, 245–271.
Holt, N.L., Knight, C.J. & Zukiwski P. (2012). Femaleathletes’ perceptions of teammate conflict in sport: Implications for sport psychologyconsultants. The Sport Psychologistm, no. 26, 135–154.
Kyle, F. Paradis, Albert, V. Carron, & Luc, J. Martin. (2014). Athlete perceptions of intra-group conflict in sport teams // Sport & Exercise Psychology Review. Vol. 10, no. 3, 4–18.