Game Specialization in Football Considering the Motor Asymmetry in Football Athletes
Topicality. The rapid development of sports and increasing its entertainment is forcing to find out the new ways for improving skills. Taking into account the results of Ukrainian football games and analyzing the practical experience, it can be argued that to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of competitive activities of football players is insufficient to manage the training process alone. Thus, the urgent issue of the training process orientation and competitive activity of football athletes is not only on their generalized model characteristics, but on their genetic features. Specialists distinguish motor and sensory functional asymmetry. The Purpose of the Research is to justify the consideration of the football players` lower limb asymmetry in case choosing their playing positions. Research Methods. Analysis of scientific and methodological literature and the Internet sources, methods of synthesis and analysis have been used in the study. In total, the data of 110 athletes of the world and Ukrainian leading football clubs were analyzed. Results of the Research. It was revealed that the right central defender, right defender, goalkeeper and central midfielders were mostly soccer players with leading right lower limb. Left-footed players play mostly in left- back, left-center, and right-wing attacks. The ambidexteras, in turn, are located on the offensive line, mostly in the center of the attack. Conclusions. The necessity of football players` asymmetry study for individualization their training is substantiated. The results of the analysis of leading teams made it possible to identify patterns between the playing positions of the athletes and their foot preference.
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