Physical Therapy of Women in Labor after Abdominoplasty During a Long-Term Period of Rehabilitation
Abdominoplasty is a type of surgery, that in 2018, according to statistic data of the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), ranks 4th place in popularity of execution. A woman in labor is the most popular category of people who often apply for this operation. Plastic surgeons do not pay long-term attention to the restoration of the anterior abdominal wall muscles, so patients may have difficulty returning to normal lifestyle. Therefore, only physical therapy can restore the functional state of the abdominal muscles. The purpose of the research is to present the results of the author's program effectiveness on physical therapy for women in labor after abdominoplasty during a long-term period of rehabilitation. Research methods included the formation of the main (n=3) and control groups (n=3) parturient women after the abdominoplasty. The average age is 30±2.9 years. The study was carried out at the Center for Healthy Spine “Kinezofit” in Kyiv, Ukraine. For participating in the research, consent was obtained from the Center`s management and the study patients. The research methods as analysis of scientific and methodological literature, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of sociological research, methods of assessing the functional state and instrumental methods were used during the study. Research Results. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the conducting physical therapy program for the control and groups was carried out according to the results of the Oswestry Disability Index questionnaire on the quality of life with the calculation of the statistical significance by Student's t-test. The results of this questionnaire demonstrated a significant difference in the dynamics of the main group (x̅ = 19%, with S = 0.58) from the control (x̅ = 28.5%, S = 1.53), with p <0.01. Conclusions. The results are statistically significant; therefore, it should be considered that the developed and approved program of physical therapy after abdominoplasty of women in labor during a long period of rehabilitation is more effective than the program of the Center for the Healthy Spine “Kinezofit”.
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