Physical Culture and Health-Improving Activities and Health Status of Students of Ukrainian Polissia

  • Olena Kuznietsova Polissya State University
  • Hryhoriy Hryban Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University
  • Serhiy Prokaziuk Municipal institution of higher education "Rivne Medical Academy" of Rivne Regional Council
  • Ihor Lysanets Municipal institution of higher education "Rivne Medical Academy" of Rivne Regional Council
Keywords: students, higher educational institutions, motor activity, special medical group, health status, classes attendance, Ukrainian Polissia

Abstract

Introduction. The system of physical education of students who have chronic diseases, health deviations, congenital anomalies, low level of physical development and physical fitness, insufficiently solves the task of restoration of working capacity and ensuring regular vital activity. The analysis of statistical data on physical culture and health-improving work actualizes the issue. The necessity of complex and systemic research of the health state of student youth in Polissia region of Ukraine has been reasoned. The Research Aimed at disclosure of the results of physical culture and health-improving activities of youth and monitored the quantitative composition of students with health state deviations in higher education institutions of Polissia region of Ukraine. Research Methods included literary, conceptual and comparative analysis; clinical examination results analysis; pedagogical observation; statistical methods. The observation subjects were students of higher education institutions in the amount of 7349 people, including 1510 individuals of a special medical group. Research Results. Statistical analysis of 2018–2019 annual reports on physical culture and sports in Rivne and monitoring of the results of physical culture and health- improving work in the particular higher educational institutions of the city allowed to state, that the number of students attending physical education classes has almost decreased  tripled during the last two years. Every year the total number of people participating in physical culture and health- improving activities reducess. The transfer of the discipline «Physical education» to the optional form and the elimination of credits negatively influenced the students’ attendance of extracurricular classes, physical culture and health-improving activities. Conclusions. Monitoring of physical health of students of higher educational institutions of Polissia region of Ukraine showed that the number of students of special medical groups ranged  from 12,98  % to  38,19 %, and the number of individuals free from practical physical education classes varied from 0,39 % to 12,00 % . First-year students account for the largest share of those assigned to a special medical group due to their state of health. First-year students account for the largest share of those assigned to a special medical group due to their health status.

References

Pro Natsionalʹnu stratehiyu z ozdorovchoyi rukhovoyi aktyvnosti v Ukrayini na period do 2025 roku «Rukhova aktyvnistʹ – zdorovyy sposib zhyttya – zdorova natsiya»: Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrayiny №42/2016 vid 09.02. 2016 r. URL: http://dsmsu.gov.ua/index/ua/material/22253 http://www.president.gov.ua/documents/422016- 19772

Hryban, H. P. (2009). Zhyttyediyalʹnistʹ ta rukhova aktyvnistʹ studentiv [Life and physical activity of students], 594.

Hryban, H. P. (2012). Pidvyshchennya yakosti navchalʹnoho protsesu z fizychnoho vykhovannya studentiv spetsialʹnoho navchalʹnoho viddilennya [The educational process upgrading on the physical training of students in the specialized educational departments]. Visnyk Zhytomyrsʹkoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Pedahohichni nauky. Vyp. 63, 105–109.

Hryban, H. P., Tymoshenko, O. V., Hoshko, A. M. & Skoryy, O. S. (2017). Pedahohichne konstruyuvannya ta proektuvannya fizkulʹturno-ozdorovchoho protsesu studentiv v umovakh modernizatsiyi systemy fizychnoho vykhovannya [Pedagogical development and design of physical recovery process of students in conditions of modernization of physical education system]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalʹnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M. P. Drahomanova. Seriya 15: Naukovo-pedahohichni problemy fizychnoyi kulʹtury (fizychna kulʹtura i sport), 35–39.

Hryban, H. P., Krasnov, V. P., Opanasyuk, F. H., Tkachenko, P. P., Skoryy, O. S. & Biloskalenko, T. O. (2019). Kompleksni doslidzhennya modernizatsiyi systemy fizychnoho vykhovannya studentiv u vyshchykh osvitnikh zakladakh Ukrayiny [Multicenter study of the modernization of the system of students` physical education at Ukrainian higher educational institutions]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalʹnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M. P. Drahomanova. Seriya 15: Naukovo-pedahohichni problemy fizychnoyi kulʹtury (fizychna kulʹtura i sport), 31–34.

Zvity z fizychnoyi kulʹtury i sportu stanom na 01 sichnya 2019, 2020 rr. Upravlinnya u spravakh simʺyi, molodi ta sportu Vykonavchoho komitetu Rivnensʹkoyi misʹkoyi Rady. Rozdil V. Fizkulʹturno-ozdorovcha diyalʹnistʹ [Reports on physical culture and sports as of January 1, 2019, 2020. Department of Family, Youth and Sports of the Executive Committee of the Rivne City Council. Section V. Sports and health activities].

Kuznyetsova, O. T. (2018). Formy, zasoby i metody systemy zastosuvannya ozdorovchykh tekhnolohiy u protsesi fizychnoho vykhovannya studentiv [Forms, means and methods of application of health technologies in the process of students’ physical education]. Visnyk Chernihivsʹkoho natsionalʹnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni T. H. Shevchenka, 121–125.

Kuznyetsova, O. T. (2018). Ozdorovchi tekhnolohiyi u fizychnomu vykhovanni studentiv : teoriya, metodyka, praktyka [Health technologies in students’ physical education: theory, methods, practice], 416.

Kuznyetsova, O. T. (2019). Metodychna systema zastosuvannya ozdorovchykh tekhnolohiy yak skladova protsesu fizychnoho vykhovannya u zakladakh vyshchoyi osvity [Methodical system of application of health- improving technologies as an integral part of process of physical education in higher education institutions]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalʹnoho pedahohichnoho un-tu im. M. P. Drahomanova. Seriya 15: Nauk.-ped. problemy fiz. kulʹtury (fiz. kulʹtura i sport). 3K (110) 19, 303–308.

Kuznyetsova, O. T. (2020). Treninhy v pozanavchalʹniy fizkulʹturno-ozdorovchiy diyalʹnosti studentiv: metodyka zastosuvannya [Trainings in students’ extracurricular physical activity: an application method]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalʹnoho pedahohichnoho un-tu im. M. P. Drahomanova. Seriya 15: Nauk.-ped. problemy fiz. kulʹtury (fiz. kulʹtura i sport), 2 (122), 81–88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31392/NPU-nc.series15. 2020.2(122).17.

Pantik, V. V. (2016). Struktura zakhvoryuvanosti studentiv Skhidnoyevropeysʹkoho natsionalʹnoho univer- sytetu imeni Lesi Ukrayinky [The morbidity structure of students of the Eastern European National Lesya Ukrainka University]. Materyaly za 12-a mezhdunarodna nauchna praktychnakonferentsyya, «Achievement of high school-2016». (17–25 November, 2016), 8, 67–70.

Pantik, V., Ishchuk, O. & Ivanyuk, O. (2019). Stan ta dynamika somatychnykh zakhvoryuvanʹ studentiv zakladiv vyshchoyi osvity [Condition and dynamics of somatic diseases of higher education students]. Fizychne vykhovannya, sport i kulʹtura zdorovʺya u suchasnomu suspilʹstvi. № 3(47). 54–62. https://doi.org/ 10.29038/2220-7481-2019-03-54-62.

Petruk, L. A., Pidhursʹka, O. P., Pasevych, A. M. & Biruk, I. D. (2019). Fizychna pidhotovlenistʹ studentok pershoho kursu [Physical preparedness of the first-yearfemale students]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalʹnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu im. M. P. Drahomanova. Seriya 15, 6 (114), 19, 56–60.

Prysyazhnyuk, S. I. (2012). Vykorystannya zdorovʺyazberezhuvalʹnykh tekhnolohiy u fizychnomu vykhovanni studentiv spetsialʹnoho medychnoho viddilennya. Teoriya ta praktyka [The use of health technologies in the physical education of students of the special medical department. Theory and practice], 464. http://www.dut.edu.ua/uploads/l_1575_88875716.pdf

Stan fizychnoho vykhovannya ta shlyakhy modernizatsiyi u doshkilʹnykh navchalʹnykh zakladakh, zakladakh zahalʹnoyi serednʹoyi osvity, profesiynoyi osvity ta vyshchoyi osvity [The state of physical education and ways of modernization in preschool educational institutions, general secondary education, vocational education and higher education]. Rishennya kolehiyi Komitetu z fizychnoho vykhovannya ta sportu MON Ukrayiny vid 06 lypnya 2018 r. http://sportmon.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Rishennya-Stan-fiz-vihovannya.pdf

Stratehiya rozvytku fizychnoho vykhovannya ta sportu sered student·sʹkoyi molodi na period do 2025 roku (Proekt) [Strategy for the development of physical education and sports among student youth until 2025 (Project)]. https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/gromadske-obgovorennya/2019/07/17/strategiya-rozvitku- fizichnogo-vikhovannya-ta-sportu-sered-studentskoi-molodi-na-period-do-2025-rokuk.pdf.

Grygus, I. M. & Petruk, L. А. (2015). Assessment of indices of physical development and functional status of female students of a special medical group. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 5(10), 158–169. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.32585. http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/2015%3B5%2810
%29%3A158-169

Iermakov, S. S., Cieślicka Mirosława, & Muszkieta Radosław (2015). Physical culture in life of Eastern- European region students: modern state and prospects of development. Physical education of students, 6, 16– 30. http://dx.doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2015.0603.

Imas, Y. V., Dutchak, M. V., Andrieieva, O. V., Kashuba, V. O., Kensytska, I. L., & Sadovskyi, O. O. (2018). Modern approaches to the problem of values’ formation of students’ healthy lifestyle in the course of physical training. Physical education of students, 22(4), 182–189. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2018.0403.

Kuznetsova, Olena. (2017). Pedagogical principles of methodical system of application of health-improving technologies in the process of students’ physical education. Physical Education, Sports and Health in Modern Society, № 3 (39), 147–153. DOI https://doi.org/10.29038/2220-7481-2017-03-147-153.

Mariola Duda, Michał Rżany, Aleksandra Dudło, Aleksandra Dogońska, Krzysztof Suszyński, & Dariusz Górka. (2015). Ocena czynników mających wpływ na podejmowanie aktywności fizycznej w trakcie studiów. QUALITY IN SPORT, 2 (2), 53–59. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/QS.2015.011.

Osipov, A. Yu., Kudryavtsev, M. D., Markov, K. К., Kuzmin, V. А., Nikolaeva, O. О., Zemba, E. A., & Yanova, M. G. (2018). Application of various forms of physical education as a factor of increase in the level of physical activity of medical students. Physical education of students. 22(3), 139–145. https://doi.org/10.15561/ 20755279.2018.0305.

Piotrowska Katarzyna, & Pabianek Łukasz. (2019). Physical activity – classification, characteristics and health benefits. QUALITY IN SPORT, 2 (5), 7–14. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/QS.2019.007.

Rybalko, L., & Zukow, W. (2019). Physical Culture and Health-Saving Technologies in Higher Education. Humanities Bulletin, 1, 5–6, 91–96.

Suchecki, Kajetan. (2016). Studies and sport at the University – problems and benefits of sport at University Club. QUALITY IN SPORT, 2 (2), 97–105, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/QS.2016.014.

Suszyński Krzysztof, & Górka Dariusz. (2015). Ocena czynników mających wpływ na podejmowanie aktywności fizycznej w trakcie studiów. QUALITY IN SPORT, 2 (2), 53–59. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/ QS.2015.011.

Vychodilová Renata, Pokorná Alena, & Vrtělová Hana. (2016). The Fusion of Fascia-Oriented Exercise and Pilates in Rollpilates Course at Masaryk University. QUALITY IN SPORT, 1 (2), 63–69. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.12775/QS.2016.006.

Weber-Rajek, Magdalena, Baumgart, Mariusz, Michalski, Adam, Radzimińska, Agnieszka, Goch, Aleksander, Lulińska-Kulik, Ewelina, & Zukow, Walery. (2015). Students’ health behaviors – own research = Zachowania zdrowotne studentów – badania własne. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 5(9), 647–62. DOI 10.5281/zenodo.31757.
Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Kuznietsova, O., Hryban, H., Prokaziuk, S., & Lysanets, I. (2020). Physical Culture and Health-Improving Activities and Health Status of Students of Ukrainian Polissia. Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society, (3(51), 41-52. https://doi.org/10.29038/2220-7481-2020-03-41-52
Section
Physical culture, physical education of different age group population