Physical Preparedness of Pawerlifters with Musculoskeletal Lesion as a Factor of Efficiency of Training Program
Topicality. Considering the possibility of negative influence on the health of athletes with disabilities, the mechanical transfer of approaches to the training of healthy powerlifters into the practice of adaptive sports, there is a need to develop and substantiate programs for the training of athletes with disabilities. The purpose of the study is to substantiate the effectiveness of the training program on the basis of analysis of indicators of physical preparedness of powerlifters with musculoskeletal lesion at the stage of initial training. Method and Methodology. To solve this goal the analysis and generalization of scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical testing, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics was used. Results. On the basis of the analysis of scientific and methodological literature and best practices in sport practice a program of training of powerlifters with musculoskeletal lesion was developed at the stage of initial training. As a result of the experimental implementation of the program in the practice of sport, the degree of influence of powerlifting exercises on the physical preparedness of powerlifters was detected. Significant differences were found (p <0.01) in tests for manual muscle testing, running at 30 m, cooper’s 12-minute test, shoulder flexibility test, throwing a ball at the target in sitting position before and after the experiment in powerlifters at the initial training stage. Conclusions. A statistically significant increase in the indicators of physical preparedness can indicate the possibility of reducing the impact of lost functions on the lives of athletes with disabilities through the use of powerlifting. The scientific results obtained during the experimental verification allow us to conclude about the positive impact of powerlifting exercises on the physical preparedness of athletes with musculoskeletal lesion.
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