Evaluation of Quality of Life in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Using the SF-36 Questionnaire
The Relevance of Research. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease today is one of the leading places in the structure of morbidity of the adult working-age population of Ukraine. The severity of the problem adds economic losses on a national scale, which are due to the cost of treatment and a significant deterioration in the quality of life of such persons. The need to improve the effectiveness of restorative treatment of such patients requires the selection of fast and informative methods for diagnosing their functional state. Objective and Methods – set the level of the quality of life of patients with COPD using the SF-36 questionnaire. The research method is a using the SF-36 questionnaire, which provides for the application of 8 blocks of questions to determine the level of quality of life of patients with COPD. The Results and Key Findings. 25 men aged 56–64 years with COPD were examined. To compare the results obtained, 17 practically healthy men of the same age were additionally examined. Conducting a survey to determine the effect of physical activity on the quality of life of patients with COPD has shown, that the mean value of scores in their scores was significantly less for such in healthy patients and gives grounds to state about the significant effect of the presence of the disease on their motor state. Evaluation of responses concerning the role of physical problems in limiting their ability to live shows, that men with COPD do not consider the presence of the disease the reason that prevents them from doing their daily work. As a conclusion, we have a certain inconsistency in relation to males with COPD to the content of their illness and its impact on their quality of life. The received results testify to necessity of inclusion in the rehabilitation program of such patients of the factors, which would allow them to realize the content of the disease and its effect on the body. One of these factors we consider psychological rehabilitation.
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