Physical Fitness and Morpho-Functional State of Adolescents with Different Aerobic Productivity level
Introduction. Insufficient level of schoolchildren physical fitness and physical health determines the relevance of studying of physical qualities development in relation to adolescents’ body aerobic productivity and physical development. The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the components of physical fitness and physical development of adolescents with different levels of aerobic productivity. Materials and Methods. Assessment of schoolchildren physical fitness (L. P. Sergienko, 2010); aerobic productivity determination step-ergometry method (V. L. Karpman, 1988). Physical development assessment was carried out on the basis of the power indexes definition, body mass index and Pinie’s index. Muscle mass value for power indexes calculation was determined by Matejko method. The study involved 423 adolescents, 211 of them were females and 212 were males. Results. Aerobic productivity level reducing is accompanied by body mass index increasing and Pinie’s index reducing, which reflects the important role of physical development somatometric features in determining organism functional capabilities. Aerobic productivity level increasing is connected with muscle strength increasing that is testified by power indexes dynamics, determined by ratio indicators of hand and static dynamometry to the muscular mass in both girls and boys bodies, as well as hands flexion-extension in lying position to body mass in male adolescents. Conclusions. With the reducing in aerobic productivity level there is an increasing in the proportion of children with below average physical preparedness level and reducing in above average physical preparedness level. The presence of respondents with above average physical preparedness level in each experimental group indicates the opportunities to improve the physical qualities development level. The obtained results can be used to develop differentiated approaches in physical education of students with different aerobic productivity levels.
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