The Importance of the Development of Vestibular Apparatus for the Formation of Oral Speech for Hearing-Impaired Children Using Verbotonal Method
Topicality. Today there are many different approaches to upbring and educate hearing-impaired children in the world. The verbotonal method is one of the alternative systems for rehabilitation of hearing-impaired children, what is fundamentally different from traditional approaches. This method provides for a simultaneous development of all sense organs, does not offer to isolate a specific kind of perception, nor exaggerating the role of a particular stimulus or replacement with other linguistic code. The main task of the method is a harmonious development of the child, his preparation for social adaptation and integration, taking into account individual abilities. The purpose of the research was to highlight the developmental characteristics of the vestibular apparatus for the formation of oral speech in hearing-impaired children using verbotonal method. Materials 40 preschool-age children were examined. Main group 1 (MG1) included 21 children aged 5,2±0,1 years old (10 boys, 11 girls), control group (CG1) included 19 children. Results. The results of children rehabilitation based on the results of valuation of psychomotor development are presented. The method is complex and includes the following elements: status of hand-eye coordination, speed and precision in movements, development of perception, visual memory, assessment of auditory development and coordination. Conclusions. It is determined that development of vestibular apparatus plays an important role in the development of oral speech and is aimed at restoring audiolingual skills for normal functioning of individual. It is recommended that in the rehabilitation process it is necessary to pay special attention to integral and harmonious development of personality, restoration of intellectual development, physical, mental and verbal growth of the child based on his potential abilities. Timely and well-organized rehabilitation work ensures the proper development of the individual and promotes rapid socialization of the child.
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