Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>The scientific Journal «Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society» is a scientific specialized edition of Ukraine, which is included to the list of scientific professional publications of Ukraine – <strong>C</strong><strong>ategory «B»</strong> (<a href="https://mon.gov.ua/ua/npa/pro-zatverdzhennya-rishen-atestacijnoyi-kolegiyi-ministerstva-shodo-diyalnosti-specializovanih-vchenih-rad?fbclid=IwAR2q1IuQpjcd30uNuP5vTCk-aRc6T6CPSuYZ9vFE-qt0fS47vKly1IvikDA">Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1643 since 28.12.2019</a>).</p> <p>The results of the Phd and Doctoral thesis in the field of «<strong>Pedagogical </strong><strong>S</strong><strong>ciences</strong>» (on Specialties: 011 Education sciences, 014 Secondary Education (Physical Culture) (13.00.02; 13.00.04) and «<strong>Physical Education and Sport</strong>» (on Specialty 017 Physical Culture and Sport (24.00.01; 24.00.02; 24.00.03) are published in the Scientific Journal.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://vnu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>This journal is indexed and listed in</strong> <strong><a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=490414">ERIH PLUS</a></strong>;&nbsp;<a href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index Copernicus International</strong></a>;&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://ouci.dntb.gov.ua/editions/EknJyOD1/">Open Ukrainian Citation Index (OUCI)</a></strong>; <a href="https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/journals/42777">&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>Polska Bibliografia Naukowa</strong></a>; <a href="http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis64r_81/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=S&amp;I21DBN=JRN&amp;P21DBN=JRN&amp;S21FMT=fullw&amp;S21ALL=%28%3C%2E%3ETJ%3D%D0%A4%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F%2C%20%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%20%D1%96%20%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%27%D1%8F%20%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%96%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D1%96%24%3C%2E%3E%29&amp;FT_REQUEST=&amp;FT_PREFIX=&amp;Z21ID=&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21CNR=20"><strong>Scientific Ukrainika</strong></a>; and <strong><a href="http://www.ulrichsweb.com/ulrichsweb/faqs.asp">Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory</a></strong>;&nbsp;and</p> <p><strong>in repositories and search engines</strong>: <strong><a href="https://doaj.org/search?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22query_string%22%3A%7B%22query%22%3A%22%20%D0%A4%D1%96%D0%B7%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F%2C%20%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%20%D1%96%20%D0%BA%D1%83%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%E2%80%99%D1%8F%20%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%87%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%83%20%D1%81%D1%83%D1%81%D0%BF%D1%96%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D1%96%22%2C%22default_operator%22%3A%22AND%22%7D%7D%2C%22from%22%3A0%2C%22size%22%3A10%7D">DOAJ</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong><strong><a href="https://www.openaire.eu/search/dataprovider?datasourceId=openaire____::3b66022e8888b1a1898db31a541a0869">OpenAIRE</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://www.base-search.net/Search/Results?q=dccoll%3Aftjsport&amp;refid=dclink">BASE</a>, <a href="https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/8108859269&amp;referer=brief_results" target="_blank" rel="noopener">WorldCat</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="https://scholar.google.com.ua/citations?hl=ru&amp;user=JGap1gIAAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;gmla=AJsN-F4M-a6Z7d0QkSkTEZVGmJaPevylYR0z3dnmDDcn8hsDXq6XJmwl-WbajzxOBfQNQan5auO0ZvfbxkWdnqR9UM1Mu2JQmIpEbl6AiLTvicIF37zRA_Dz2zlf-di5I-qBExFguazZ_llsuGnHADe7GQjbPIOiDQhi8AzGYv_rUI4Oe_MntlsgUr46NEupz0GWpM862O3R-QTpGzmUoz5kxFuKm-mN5w">Google scholar</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.icmje.org/journals-following-the-icmje-recommendations/">International Committee of Medical Journal Editors</a>,<a href="http://journalseeker.researchbib.com/?action=viewJournalDetails&amp;issn=22207481&amp;uid=r16d2e">&nbsp;Research Bible</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://miar.ub.edu/issn/2220-7481">Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals</a></strong><strong>,</strong> <strong><a href="http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&amp;I21DBN=UJRN&amp;P21DBN=UJRN&amp;S21STN=1&amp;S21REF=10&amp;S21FMT=juu_all&amp;C21COM=S&amp;S21CNR=20&amp;S21P01=0&amp;S21P02=0&amp;S21P03=PREF=&amp;S21COLORTERMS=0&amp;S21STR=Fvs">Ukrainian scientific periodicals</a>.</strong></p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Anatolii Tsos</a>, Doctor of Science in Physical Education and Sports, Professor, Rector in Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University.</p> <p><strong>Executive editor: </strong><a href="/index.php/sport/about/editorialTeam">Svetlana Indyka</a>, PhD in physical education and sport.</p> <p><strong>Editorial address:</strong> 30/118 Vynnychenka Street, Building B, Lutsk, 43005</p> <p>&nbsp;Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University</p> <p><strong>Tel</strong><strong>.:</strong>+38(0332)242178; (066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@vnu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University en-US Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 Motivative Component of Future PE Specialists Readiness to Professional Activity https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2332 <p><strong><em>Topicality of the Research</em></strong><strong>. </strong>The essence of professional readiness for teaching is interpreted by researchers as a holistic manifestation of personality, comprehensive ability to a certain type work, the result of professional education and upbringing, perso- nal maturity, the psychological aspect of training professionals in Physical Education (PE) which have evoked the great interest of the study. The research is devoted to the study of the motivational component formation of PE specialists` readiness for professional activity. The <strong><em>Aim </em></strong>of the study is to highlight psychological readiness as a component of professional readiness of future PE, as well as identify the level of their psychological readiness for schoolchildren PE classes. <strong><em>The Research Purpose Methods </em></strong>are analysis of special scientific and methodical literature, pedagogical observations, pedagogical experiment, questionnaire, methods of mathematical statistics. <strong><em>The Results of the Research </em></strong>outlined the professional readiness as an integral personal education, which includes a psychological attitude to achieve the goal, the optimal amount of knowledge, the necessary skills, motives, needs, abilities, personal qualities. The level of psychological readiness of 3<sup>d</sup> and 4<sup>th</sup> year students of the Faculty of Physical Culture, Sports and Health has been determined. In general, by all indicators, the level of motivational and emotional components of the psychological readiness of future PE teachers to work with children can be stated above average.&nbsp;<strong><em>Сonclusions. </em></strong>The professional activity of PE teachers makes high demands both on the professional level and on their personal qualities, in particular: the ability to control oneself without disturbing the child’s inner peace, special atmosphere, instill self-confidence and take into account parents’ wishes. In general, according to all indicators, the level of psychological readiness of future PE teachers for work with children can be stated above average. The results of the experiment demonstrate better knowledge of 4<sup>th</sup>-year students, which can be explained by their greater educational experience. The above data show that PE teachers make a conscious choice in favor of forming a positive attitude to physical culture, health promotion and the formation of a healthy lifestyle.</p> Nataliia Zakhozha Svitlana Savchuk Volodymyr Zakhozhyi Ninel Matskevych Oksana Usova Olena Demianchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 3 9 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-03-09 Physical Education of the Students as a Factor of Preparation for Their Future Career https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2333 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The main task of youth preparation for their future career is formation of their social activity in harmony with the physical development and fitness. <strong><em>The Purpose </em></strong>is to analyze the level of physical education in higher education institutions and to study the students’ physical fitness as one of the conditions of their readiness for the future career. <strong><em>The Research Stuff and Methods </em></strong>are the analysis and generalization of scientific methodical literature, testing and methods of math statistics. <strong><em>The Participants of the Research. </em></strong>234 stu- dents of the 1<sup>st</sup>–2<sup>nd</sup> years of study of Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University participated in it. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>Scientific methodical literature of Ukrainian researchers on issue of students’ physical training in higher education institutions has been analyzed. The necessity of the improvement of PE classes content, use of the modern approaches to students formation of need in healthy and sport lifestyle have been emphasized. The physical fitness based on the development of the basic physical qualities: strength, resistance, agility, flexibility is stated to have the urgent meaning in the high-quality students’ preparation for their future career. Any means used within physical education that directed to the development of any physical skills influence upon the overall health. According to the results of the studies the level of the 1<sup>st</sup> and 2<sup>nd</sup> year student physical preparation is satisfactory, but according to some physical qualities, namely resistance, it is low and needs a thorough approach for making the PE classes content. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Considering the students` issue on unsatisfactory physical fitness, it is necessary to create PE model in higher institutions, to persuade youth in the necessity of regular use of varies exercises, promoting physical and health improvement.</p> Eduard Vilchkovskyi Anatolii Volchynskyi Volodymyr Pasichnyk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 10 14 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-10-14 Ontokinesiological Approach to the Students` Physical Education https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2334 <p>The ontokinesiological approach to physical education is based on the awareness of the complexity of motor activity, mastering the basics of a systematic approach to the analysis of complex phenomena&nbsp;of muscular movements in all its manifestations. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to theoretically and methodologically substantiate the application of the ontokinesiological approach to physical education of students. <strong><em>Stuff and Methods of the Research. </em></strong>During the research analysis and synthesis of philosophical, psychological, pedagogical, general scientific literature, abstraction and concretization were carried out. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>It is established this approach, considered as a meta-subject basis of sports science, can be used to formation of students` physical education, taking into account the integration of intellectual and motor abilities in the PE process. The concept of kinesiological potential and kinesiological competencies has been described. Theoretical and methodological approaches to understanding kinesiological competencies have been considered, namely anthropological, culturological, personal- activity and competence. It is noted that each approach as a subsystem includes essential elements: concepts, principles, forms and methods. The basic pedagogical principles of the students` PE are determined. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Thus, the pedagogical system of the students` PE, based on the ontokinesiological approach, is an integrative unity of anthropological, culturological, personal-activity and competence approaches that contribute to the achievement of the educational goal. The system-forming factor in building this system is the purpose of its operation – the formation of kinesiological competencies of students, which is seen as the ability and willingness of the individual to self-development and self-improvement of their kinesiological potential, which better meets modern requirements of PE in higher education.</p> Mykhailo Dudko Oksana Martyniuk Yulia Lazakovych Yulia Lazakovych Andrii Koshura ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 15 20 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-15-20 Tool for Assessing the Formation of Civic Competences in the Process of Physical Education: Development and Validation of the CCPE-10 Questionnaire https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2335 <p><strong><em>Introduction</em></strong><strong>. </strong>A high level of civic literacy remains one of the main priorities of education, as it is the foundation for the development of democracy and economic growth. Physical education has significant potential for the formation and development of civic competencies. The <strong><em>Purpose </em></strong>of the study was to develop a valid tool for quantitative assessment of the level of civic competencies and the role of physical education in their formation. <strong><em>Research Methods. </em></strong>The study involved students who studied in third and sixth grades (n = 860, 53,72 % of respondents were girls, 34,88 % third graders). The Questionnaire on Civic Attitudes and Sustainable Development (СASD) was translated and culturally adapted; the special module, Civic Competences in Physical Education (CCPE-10), was created. The structure of the questionnaires and their validity were analyzed. For this purpose, we used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, calculated the α-Cronbach, average variance extracted, and composite reliability coefficient. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>In the structure of the CASD questionnaire, the scales solidarity, commitment–responsibility, and «dialogue–respect» were isolated. According to factor analysis results, the CCPE-10 questionnaire had scales communication skills and reflection, action, and identity. The obtained&nbsp;&nbsp; models had satisfactory suitability criteria&nbsp;&nbsp; (for СASD: χ²/ df = 2,53, CFI = 0,905, TLI = 0,902; RMSEA = 0,060, SRMR = 0,062; for CCPE-10: χ²/ df = 2,78, CFI = 0,901, TLI = 0,908; RMSEA = 0,058, SRMR = 0,064). <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong>. An adapted and valid Ukrainian version of the tool for assessing civic competencies with a special module «Civic competencies in physical education» was obtained. The tool is designed for schoolchildren of third and sixth grades; contains six scales (solidarity, commitment–responsibility, dialogue–respect, communication skills and reflection, action, identity); covers such components of civic competencies as knowledge, skills, reflection, social cohesion, tolerance; the tool allows to quantify the importance of physical education in the formation of civic competencies.</p> Iuliia Pavlova Nataliya Sorokolit Alla Solovey Roman Petryna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 21 30 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-21-30 Rowing as a Mean of Students’ Socialization https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2336 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Sports activity is not only an effective mean of physical improvement, but it also forms the character traits of a person that need socialization in a society. <strong><em>The Aim of the Research </em></strong>is to reveal the importance of sports and to determine the influence of rowing on the students` socialization. <strong><em>Stuff and the Research Methods. </em></strong>Analysis and synthesis of scientific&nbsp;and methodological sources, pedagogical observation, questionnaires, generalizations, methods of mathematical statistics have been used in the study. The participants of the research are 19 students of the LUVNU Faculty of Physical Culture, Sports and Health, engaging into the sections of improving sports mastery in canoeing Dragon Boating. All students have been interviewed. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>The paper attempts to reveal the importance of rowing in the formation of students social values. Attention is concentrated on the special role of physical culture and sports in the higher education. Also their influence on the biological nature of a student's personality and socialization has been outlined. Due to the results of the students’ survey, rowing not only brings them pleasure, but it gives confidence in strengths and abilities, to work in a team, develops volitional powers and moral qualities. The same long- term activities upgrade the athletes` resistance of the nervous system to monotony and fatigue, form volitional mechanisms, increase emotional stability and tranquility. The students will definitely need these volitional powers in future. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>For students, canoeing and Dragon Boating are not only an excellent physical training, but a mean of self-expression and self-esteem, that expands their interests and formats a healthy lifestyle. Under the skillful and demanding guidance of a coach, the social standards of a society and their lifestyle are being created.</p> Vadym Smoliuk Andrii Shevchuk Petro Glushko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 31 35 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-31-35 Organization of the Activities of the First Higher Educational Institution for the Training of Specialists in Physical Education and Sports in Romania https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2337 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Physical Education should take into account the state characteristics of the culture and sport development, the state and world experience that is a system of guidelines and views for a long-term period. The study of European countries experience in PE is presented by a number of researchers, scientists and specialists, in particular H. Ardelean, O. Tsybaniuk and others. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to analyze the features of the National University of Physical Education and Sports in Bucharest – the first higher educational institution for training specialists in PE &amp; Sports in Romania. <strong><em>Stuff and Methods of the Research. </em></strong>The research stuff has been divided into archival, statistical, legal acts and scientific papers. General scientific research methods have been used to substantiate the relevance, formulate conclusions; the group of specific scientific methods – for the systematization of historical and pedagogical literature sources; chrono- logical method – to clarify the genesis of Romania PE &amp; Sports content. <strong><em>The Research Results and Conclusions. </em></strong>The first attempt to organize an institution for PE specialists training in Romania was made by V. Badulescu, who in 1920 founded the Institute of Physical Education in Cluj-Napoca. State interests led to the transfer in 1922 of the institution to the capital – Bucharest, however, the interest in PE (gymnastics) training teachers in the Transilvania region led to the creation of the Department of Physical Education at a local University. It should be noted that the full support of the royal family, influential government officials, and the adoption in 1923 the Law on Physical Education caused the rapid development of the professional Institute. The dual subordination of the institute to the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Defense immediately identified three areas of student training: pedagogical, military, and amateur. The National University of Physical Education and Sports in Bucharest has experienced several changes in its title and structure. The definition of «national» and «higher» in the title of institution proves its status what is preserved even now.</p> Oleksandra Tsybaniuk Sergiy Dariichuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 36 41 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-36-41 The History of Race Walking Development in Volyn Region During the Years of Independent Ukraine https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2338 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>During the years of Ukrainian independence the race walking in Volyn region has been one of the leading athletic disciplines. In the process of development race walking has played a significant role in glorifying Ukraine at various international competitions. The race walkers have contributed a lot to the development of athletics in Volyn, Ukraine, Europe and all over the world. The progress of race walking is assessed by the training results of high-level athlets and their successful performances at the competitions. The flag of Ukraine was repeatedly raised at European and international competitions and the anthem of Ukraine was played to honor the victory of Ukrainian athletes. The results of the athletes’ performances are not always objectively announced and get forgotten over the years. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to analyze the historical development of race walking in Volyn region during the years of independent Ukraine. <strong><em>Methods of the Research. </em></strong>Historical and pedagogical analysis of archival documents, reports of the Spartak, Dynamo, Kolos, Ukraina and Avangard sports organisations, interviews with coaches and chiefs of sports clubs, children’s and youth sports school and internet informational sources have been used in the research.&nbsp;<strong><em>Results of the Research</em></strong>. The analysis and generalization of archival reports and coaches surveys enabled to reve- al the historical development process of race walking in Volyn region. The sports organizations in 1991 after the USSR collapse could maintain this kind of athletics. Over the years the number of organizations that contributed to race walking progress in Volyn region gradually expanded. It enabled the Volyn athletes to achieve remarkable results and perform successfully at the international competitions. Since the declaration of Independence of Ukraine 7 participants of the Olympic games, 15 Masters of Sports of International Class, 31 Masters of Sports of Ukraine and 100 Candidates for Masters of Sports have been trained in Volyn region. During this period Volyn athletes have obtained 11 golden, 6 silver and 4 bronze awards at the European and World Championships. <strong><em>The Conclusions. </em></strong>The accomplished histo- rical and pedagogical analysis of the race walking progress in Volyn region enabled to single out certain athlets` achievements in independent Ukraine. A great contribution to the development of race walking in Volyn region has been made by Lesya Ukrainka&nbsp;&nbsp; Volyn National University and Liubeshiv Children’s and Youth School. The Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University became the basis for providing adult athletes, when Liubeshiv Children’s and Youth School provided the schoolchildren with training classes. Moreover, these institutions provide the oppor- tunity of enhancing sports skills and glorifying Volyn region and Ukraine at the various international competitions.</p> Volodymyr Yalovyk Anton Yalovyk Andrii Marchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 42 47 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-42-47 The Physical Health of high Schoolchildren Influenced by Rope Skipping Activities https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2339 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The decline in the health level of high schoolchildren makes the issue of finding means, forms and methods of increasing the physical activity of schoolchildren actual. A promising direction in solving this issue is the use of fitness technologies in the process of physical education of schoolchildren. One of these technologies is rope skipping, which does not require complex equipment and is available for use by people with different physical status level. The <strong><em>purpose </em></strong>is to determine the impact of skipping classes on physical health indicators of high schoolchildren. <strong><em>Stuff and Research Methods – </em></strong>70 boys and 75 girls of 10–11 grades have been divided into four experimental and four control groups depending on their age and gender. Scientific and methodological literature analysis, pedagogical experiment, physical health express assessment according to G. Apanasenko`s methodology, methods of mathematical statistics have been used during the study. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>A «Rope skipping» variable module has been imple- mented during the third quarter. Also the use of exercises with a rope in the preparatory, main or final parts of PE classes in the «Athletics», «Football» (I, IV quarters), and «Volleyball» (II quarter) variable modules, depending on the tasks of the classes have been suggested. The extracurricular forms of classes and during the school day with pore skipping exercises (independent classess, mobile breaks, sports events, competitions) have been offered. A significant improvement in the Ruffier and Robinson indices, the strength index in the experimental groups has been determined. Moreover, the total amount of physical health scores was elevated. This indicates an increase of its level. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Practical testing of the skipping means use in various forms of PE classes with high schoolchildren has proven their effectiveness in improving the schoolchildren`s health. This is giving cause for the use of skipping during the school physical culture and health activities.</p> Tetiana Andriushchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 48 55 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-48-55 Influence of Track-And-Field Athletics and Fitness on the Aging Pace of 40–60 Years Old Women https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2340 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Scientific papers in recent years have given little coverage of the issue of comparative analysis of different physical activity types influence upon slowing down the women aging. <strong><em>The Research Purpose </em></strong>is to determine the effectiveness of track-and-field athletics and health-improving fitness upon slowing down the process of 40–60 years women`s biological aging. <strong><em>Methods of the Research </em>– </strong>analysis, generalization of literary and net sources, methodology of biological age assessment by V. Voiten- ko (body weight, blood pressure, static balance studies, subjective health assessment questionnaire), and mathematical statistics. <strong><em>The Research Results</em>. </strong>It was found that the average (X±σ) for the group indicators of actual biological age (ABA) in the surveyed female athletes are 32,7± 5,89 years, the corresponding biological age (CBA) – 45,4±1,31 years, the aging rate (AR) – (minus) 12,8 ± 5,34 years (p &lt; 0,05). The value of the correlation (r) between the indicators of training experience (TE) in track-and-field athletics and biological age (BA) og\f women of 40–60 years women is 0,43. ABA indicators of the same age women, engaged in fitness are 47,2±9,64 years, CBA – 50.7±0,68 years, AR – (minus) 3,5±10,81 years. The value of the correlation (r) between BA and TE of such group women is – (minus) 0,45. <strong><em>Conclusions</em>. </strong>With approximately the same passport age and training experience of 40–60 years old women, who were engaged in track-and-field athletics at the level of high achievements sports for on average 13,3±3,84 years, the aging pace is 3,7 times slower (p&lt;0,05) than for women engaged in fitness for 9,5±3,36 years. The correlation between the average level of biological age and training experience confirms that not only physical activity experience, but also other endogenous and exogenous factors affect the slowing down of the women aging pace.</p> Tetyana Gnitetska Svitlana Savchuk Nadiya Kovalchuk Lydia Zavatska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 56 61 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-56-61 Elderly Women Satisfaction and Quality of Life https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2341 <p>Life satisfaction is quite important in a comfortable aging. Among the surveyed elderly women mostly have low and medium levels of life satisfaction, only a small proportion of them have a high life satisfaction level. The main factors of life satisfaction in aging are: lack of economic and social stability; contradiction between modern and former social values; insufficient socio-political support for the elderly; inability properly adapts to the new social status; insufficient healthy lifestyle and motor activity; inability properly organizes and spends the leisure time. <strong><em>The&nbsp;</em></strong><strong><em>Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to determine the degree of satisfaction and quality of life of elderly women. To achieve the research goal, interdependent <strong><em>Research Methods </em></strong>have been used. Among them are method of analysis and systematization of theoretical data, psychodiagnostic methods and methods of mathematical statistics. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>A comprehensive study was conducted to determine the life satisfaction index (LSI) among 91 women aged 60–75 years. The majority of respondents (69,2 %) have a low level of life satisfaction, the average level of life satisfaction has determined 23,08 % of respondents and only 7,7 % of respondents have a high level of life expectancy. According to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) developed by E. Diner, 43,9 % of respondents have a low level of life satisfaction, 25,3 % – a rather low level of life satisfaction, 15,4 % of respondents – above the average level, 7,7 % of women – the average level, only 2,2 % – a high level of life satisfaction. Among the components of the elderly women`s quality of life, the physical component of health has been found at 44.9% and indicates a low level, while the psychological component of health – 35,4 % indicates at a rather low level.</p> Duditska Svitlana Medvid Angela Yachniuk Maxym Inna Khrypko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 62 68 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-62-68 Elderly Women Satisfaction and Quality of Life https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2342 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Today, the health status of Ukrainians continues to deteriorate, with cardiovascular disease being the number one cause of death. Assessment of the functional state of the cardiovascular system and early detection of pathological processes makes it possible to prevent complications and mortality from disease. An integral indication of the functional status of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems is the level of aerobic productivity, which characterizes the power of aerobic energy supply processes. In turn, the analysis of various literature sources has evidenced the functional features of the organization of the individual. It is the morphological organs and tissues` specificity. That is why the assessment of the functional status of the cardiovascular system should be carried out taking into account somatotypological features. This allows to predict the dependence of cardiovascular disease of people with different somatotype and to identify pathology groups. <strong><em>Objectives of the Research </em></strong>are to identify somatotypological features of the functional status of the cardiorespiratory system and the aerobic productivity level of males aged 18–30 years. <strong><em>Methods of the Research</em>. </strong>The somatotypological affiliation has been assessed by using the Hit-Carter method. The analysis of the functional status of the cardio-respiratory system was performed according to the indicators of electrocardiography, spirography and the value of aerobic productivity. <strong><em>Results. </em></strong>Males aged 18–30 years took part in the study. They have been divided into 5 somatotype groups. The analyses of the indicators of heart bioelectrical activity and the functional status of the respiratory system have been carried out. The results demonstrated that indicators of the functional status of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are normal. Comparative analysis of the results of representatives revealed a significantly lower level of endomorphs` external respiration. Representatives of the endomorphic somatotype also recorded lower level of aerobic productivity, compared with representatives of other somatotype groups. The obtained results suggest that individuals with the fat component predominance are prone to the cardiovascular disease. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The results have evidenced that the level of functional status of the cardio- respiratory system of males aged 18–30 are normal. At the same time, representatives of the endomorphic somatotype have a lower level of aerobic productivity compared to the results of representatives of other somatotype groups.</p> Svitlana Nesterova Alla Sulyma Anatolii Korolchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 69 75 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-69-75 Rehabilitation: Substan- tiation of Effective Constituents of a Comprehensive Rehabilitation Interference https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2343 <p><strong><em>Topicality of the Research</em></strong><strong>. </strong>The research focuses its attention on the necessity and importance of rehabilitation measures of patients who experienced coronavirus disease (COVID-19) of a various degree of severity. Convincing evidence is presented on the basis of both the own studies and the data of the current medicine concerning an effective influence of various means of restoration treatment on the course of COVID-19. The aim of a comprehensive rehabilitation of patients with COVID-19 is to improve the dyspnea, to eliminate anxiety, to reduce complications, to minimize disability, to maintain functions and to improve the quality of life. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em>– </strong>to determine methodical bases and key aspects of a comprehensive use of physical therapy means for COVID-19 patients. <strong><em>Methods of the Researc</em>h. </strong>Analysis of scientific and methodical literature sources, abstracting method, as well as methods of synthesis and generalization have been used during the study. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>Physical rehabilitation is found to be an essential constituent in the treatment of patients including effects on different parts of pathogenic disorders. Physical activity of a post-COVID patient possesses an evidenced effect. Physical activity should be indicated according to the functional status and physical possibilities. It is long and requires patient’s self-discipline. The basis of the rehabilitation program is selection of strictly dosed muscle loading with prevailing active elements. Their aim is making a motion regimen of a patient wider, also increasing patient’s mobility, adjusting to occupational and everyday domestic load, and preventing complications. Other constituents of restoration treatment have been analyzed (physiotherapeutic effect, dietary correction, psychological rehabilitation), which in combination with physical therapy will enable to obtain maximum valuable results. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Rehabilitation interference is found to be reasonable at different stages of the disease. Selection of constituents, dosing of manipulations, the choice of methods are carried out individually considering severity and period of the disease, concomitant pathology, and physical status of a patient. A combination of various methods of physical influence inter-potential action is rather effective.</p> Vladyslav Ponomarenko Кostyantyn Mylytsya Тetiana Amelina ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 76 82 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-76-82 Selection of Playing Style in Table Tennis Depending on the Complex of Psychophysiological Indices https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2344 <p><strong><em>The Research Purpose </em></strong>is typological predisposition and psychomotor indices studying directed on the table tennis playing style formation. <strong><em>The Methodology of the Research</em>. </strong>114 male tennis players: 5 Masters of Sports of International Class, 39 Masters of Sports, 38 Candidates for Masters, 32 athletes of the first category have been examined. Typological peculiarities, in particular, strength of nervous system relative to excitation; mobility-inertness of excitation and inhibition, external and internal balance have been studied. <strong><em>The Research Results</em>. </strong>An offensive strategy is associated with the following typological features: the nervous system of high and average strength (amid the common to all tennis players’ weakness of the nervous system) as a reflection of their predominance of excitation in the external balance. Defensive strategy players are characterized by a high resistance to monotony, a greater expression of the nervous system weakness, and a predominance of inhibition according to internal balance. Mixed strategy players are distinguished by a relatively higher (than in defenders) strength of the nervous system, balance of excitation and inhibition processes, and greater mobility of excitation and inhibition processes. The offensive strategy players are characterized by higher motion pace and auto pace as compared to those of mixed and especially defensive strategy play. Defensive strategy players` time of simple and complex visual-motor reaction is significantly higher as compared to those who prefer the offensive strategy. Defensive and mixed strategy players have got the deferred reactions tend to dominate during the response to moving object, whereas offensive strategy players – premature responses are observed. In order to adequately perceive the current situation and have more time to decide on the proper response action, they have to move further way from the tennis table than the offensive strategy players. <strong><em>Conclusions: </em></strong>Study has conducted for examination of typological predispositions and psychomotor indices that condition directed formation of table tennis playing style. It is important direction of training.</p> Alexandr Kolumbet Natalia Maximovich ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 83 89 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-83-89 Early Specialization and Substantiation of Age for Rhythmic Gymnastics Classes in Context of the Modern Sport https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2345 <p><strong></strong><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>According to decreasing starting age of sport and achieving high results in sports connected to complex coordination structure, properly organized initial training becomes of current interest at the modern gymnastics development. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to analyze the coaches` opinion on the issue of early specialization and the program of initial training in rhythmic gymnastics (survey of coaches); to determine motives, goals and objectives of children sports (survey of novice female gymnasts` parents). <strong><em>Stuff and Methods of the Research </em></strong>are analysis of professional scientific and methodological literature sources, research of practical experience in organizing the process of initial training with female gymnasts of preschool age, survey of 51 coaches and 46 parents of female novice gymnasts, methods of mathematical statistics and data generalization. <strong><em>Results of the Research. </em></strong>Various views on the issues of early specialization and approaches to organizing of young athletes` training are considered. 80 % of coaches note the discrepancy between the current rhythmic gymnastics program for sports school and the requirements of modern sport. The main tasks that should be solved in process of female gymnasts` training at the initial stage have been considered. The general physical development of the child, health promotion, achievement of high sport results, correction of physical status, familiarization with the sports and social adaptation are the significant motives for rhythmic gymnastics. The optimal starting age of rhythmic gymnastics, the optimal duration of classes and the number of trainings per week for female gymnasts in different ages have been considered. A discrepancy between the coaches and parents` opinions on the age of girls` prospects in elite sport has been revealed. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The need for develop and implement an initial training adapted program in rhythmic gymnastics. A survey of female novice gymnasts` parents made it possible to understand the motives of rhythmic gymnastics classes. When developing a program, it is necessary to consider starting age of classes, motives and features of physical development.</p> Mariia Duka Oksana Shynkaruk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 90 102 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-90-102 The Structure of Organizational Planning for Complex Training of Athletes https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2346 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Relevance of research. An urgent scientific and applied problem of complex training of athletes is the modernization of planning of technical and tactical workload of athletes, which takes into account modern requirements and the existing experience of its implementation for training of the annual cycle. Academic rowing is chosen as the basic sport. <strong><em>The Goal of the Work. </em></strong>Substantiate the structure of organizational planning of complex functional training of athletes on the basis of the annual training cycle. <strong><em>Material and Methods of Research: </em></strong>theoretical analysis and generalization, systematization and study of literature sources, analysis of practical results, methods of complex and systematic analysis, questionnaires. <strong><em>Research Results. </em></strong>Innovative developments and presented approaches to modern planning of technical and tactical load of athletes are of major importance in the system of training athletes. It is argued that organizational planning is determined by an integrated approach and a complex combination of the main factors influencing the results of training. Organizational planning is based on the practical results of implementing such an algorithm in the process of training athletes. The results obtained in the study form an indicative approach to planning the technical and tactical load of athletes, which includes basic indicators, an indicator of efficiency and usefulness. Basic indicators include modernization of the system of planning the technical and tactical load of athletes and training of competitive athletes on the basis of professional competencies. The performance indicator shows what changes need to be made in the system of preparation for training sessions, taking into account modern sports requirements. The usefulness indicator allows you to predict the personal components of the athlete, his work ability, which significantly affect the results of the athlete's training. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>At the theoretical and methodological level it is proved that the organizational planning of comprehensive training of athletes creates the preconditions for improving the efficiency of sports development. The analysis of the results of the implementation of organizational planning showed that flexible changes in the technical and technological load in accordance with the stage of preparation are possible. An integrated approach allows you to implement an algorithm for planning the training of athletes based on basic indicators.</p> Oleksandr Ievtushenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 103 108 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-103-108 The Olympism Issues in the Theoretical Preparation Athletes of Different Specializations https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2347 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>Today, the ideas of Olympism have been transformed into a vital philosophical trend, which based on respect for general ethical principles and the combination of sport with culture and art. <strong><em>Purpose of the Research </em></strong>is to actualize the place of the Olympism ideas in the theoretical preparation athletes of different specializations (for example, handball, fencing and archery). <strong><em>The Research Methods</em></strong>. Theoretical analysis and generalization of data, surveys, analysis of documentary stuff, pedagogical observation, methods of mathematical statistics. <strong><em>The Research Results. </em></strong>It has been identified the objective need to consider Olympic education in the structure of theoretical preparation of athletes. For understanding the role of this information, a number of separate studies to determine the place of Olympism in theoretical preparation at different stages of long-term preparation in handball, fencing and archery have been conducted. The obtained results indicated the preservation of general trends in the growing importance of information topics of the unit from the early to later stages of long-term improvement. At the same time, it should be noted that the highest grades of experts were given to topics related to modern aspects of the Olympic movement and its representation in Ukraine, the international Olympic system and the issues of Olympic sports. This is predictable because professionalism is determined by the presence of representatives in any activity (in our case, in sport) of the thorough and relevant knowledge system. <strong><em>Conclusions</em>. </strong>Interpretation assessments of the Olympism importance in the content of theoretical preparation of athletes in various sports within the current level of theoretical preparedness of athletes in the relevant blocks of information allows to reveal significant reserves for Olympic education (ideas of Olympism) in the athletes` training. In our opinion, this is due to the awareness of the importance of the Olympism ideals in solving the main tasks of the training system and these representations in the structure of athletes' preparation on the example of separate sports during certain stages of long- term improvement.</p> Marian Pityn Liudmyla Balushka Serhiy Kotov Svitlana Korol ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 109 116 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-109-116 Influence of Aquafitness Elements and Intermittent Hypoxic Training on the Recovery Dynamics of Female Swimmers` Cardiovascular System Function https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2349 <p><strong><em>Topicality. </em></strong>The growth of all sports results is due to increased efficiency of training sessions and the introduction of the latest technologies in the systematic training of athletes. The health effects of exercise in water are associated with high energy costs, gravitational unloading of the body, and positive effect on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems function, the presence of a lasting hardening effect. Improving the skills of swimmers should be through the integrated use of additional tools, taking into account the age and athletes` functional status. The study of swimming classes with the use of aqua fitness and interval hypoxic training elements influence on the dynamics of heart rate recovery after dosed physical activity of 11–12 years old female swimmers has been revealed. <strong><em>The Purpose of the Research </em></strong>has determined the dynamics of heart rate recovery after dosed exercises of the training process of 11– 12 years old female swimmers using aqua fitness elements and techniques of IHB (also known as Intermittent Hypoxic Training). <strong><em>The Methods of the Research</em>. </strong>Pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiments, physiological methods and methods of mathematical statistics have been used during the research. The study involved 62 female athletes aged 11–12 years, who have 2–3 years sports experience. During 24 weeks at different stages of the study the dynamics of heart rate recovery after dosed exercise used in the training process of aqua fitness and IHB techniques elements. <strong><em>Results of the Research</em></strong>. The use of aqua fitness and IHB techniques elements by female athletes of the main group accelerates the recovery of heart rate after a cyclical nature exercise. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The effectiveness of the complex application of aqua fitness and IHB training elements with 11–12 years old swimmers has been proved, which is confirmed by the acceleration of heart rate recovery after dosed cyclic loads.</p> Yurii Furman Viktoriia Holovkina Svitlana Salnykova Oleksandra Brezdeniuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 117 122 10.29038/2220-7481-2021-03-117-122 Review of a collection of scientific papers https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2350 <p>Dimitrova, R., &amp; Wiium, N. (2021) (Eds.). <em>Handbook of positive youth development. Advancing research, policy and practice in global contexts</em>. Springer</p> Iuliia Pavlova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 123 125 Information for authors https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2351 <p>Information for authors</p> Svitlana Indyka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 3(55) 126 129