Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport <p>ISSN 2410-2156 (Online), ISSN 2220-7481 (Print)</p> <p><strong>State registration certificate</strong> КВ № 19773-9573 ПР of 15.03.2013.</p> <p>The scientific Journal «Physical Education, Sport and Health Culture in Modern Society» is a scientific specialized edition of Ukraine, which is included to the list of scientific professional publications of Ukraine – <strong>C</strong><strong>ategory «B»</strong> (<a href="https://mon.gov.ua/ua/npa/pro-zatverdzhennya-rishen-atestacijnoyi-kolegiyi-ministerstva-shodo-diyalnosti-specializovanih-vchenih-rad?fbclid=IwAR2q1IuQpjcd30uNuP5vTCk-aRc6T6CPSuYZ9vFE-qt0fS47vKly1IvikDA">Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1643 since 28.12.2019</a>).</p> <p>The results of the Phd and Doctoral thesis in the field of «<strong>Pedagogical </strong><strong>S</strong><strong>ciences</strong>» (on Specialties: 011 Education sciences, 014 Secondary Education (Physical Culture) (13.00.02; 13.00.04) and «<strong>Physical Education and Sport</strong>» (on Specialty 017 Physical Culture and Sport (24.00.01; 24.00.02; 24.00.03) are published in the Scientific Journal.</p> <p><strong>Year of establishment</strong>&nbsp;: 1999</p> <p><strong>I</strong><strong>nstituto</strong><strong>r: </strong><a href="http://vnu.edu.ua/en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University</a></p> <p><strong>Areas and issues:</strong> is an international periodical that covers a wide range of issues in the domains of mass sport, physical rehabilitation and sports of higher achievements. The journal includes the articles that give the history of physical education development in Ukraine and all over the world; philosophical, legal and organizational problems in physical culture; peculiarities of physical education of different groups of population; problems of professional training of physical education teachers; pedagogic technologies of physical exercises; means of working capacity renewal; peculiarities of athletes training and adapting human organism to physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Periodicity: </strong>quarterly.</p> <p><strong>Language editions</strong>: Ukrainian, Russian, English.</p> <p><strong>The journal was introduced on&nbsp;1 January 2016</strong> <strong>an electronic version in English.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>This journal is indexed and listed in</strong> <strong><a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=490414">ERIH PLUS</a></strong>;&nbsp;<a href="http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/++++++++,p2492,3.html"><strong>Index Copernicus International</strong></a>;&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://ouci.dntb.gov.ua/editions/EknJyOD1/">Open Ukrainian Citation Index (OUCI)</a></strong>; 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(066)4830600</p> <p><strong>E-mail:</strong>&nbsp;sport@vnu.edu.ua</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University en-US Physical education, sport and health culture in modern society 2220-7481 The Professional Experience Changes of Teachers in Poland https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2258 <p><strong><em>Introduction</em>. </strong>Improvement of teachers is entered in the educational system of each country. It largely depends on the political and socio-cultural expectations of the state. Improvement is aimed at raising the qualifications and competences of teachers, whose knowledge and skills directly translate into the educational success of the pupils. The need to raise awareness of the value of work was a key guarantee for teachers in Poland to keep up with the changing educational and social realities. <strong><em>The Research Aim </em></strong>is to analyse the teacher`s system development in Poland during the post-war period and the beginning of the XXI century. <strong><em>The Research Methods</em>. </strong>Analysis of historical and pedagogical literature on the theory and practice of teacher training at schools in Poland. <strong><em>The Research Results</em>. </strong>In Poland the issue of teacher training has always received considerable attention. As in other countries, a teacher training system was created, which would be the subject of in-depth analysis and controversy. Over the last decades, the legal framework for teacher training in Poland changed in line with the political situation in education. The importance of institutions that trained teachers and passed state accreditation has increased. The number of non-governmental institutions, involved in teacher retraining, has also increased. The number of non-governmental institutions has also been growing systematically. In-service, training is a key element in the professional development of a teacher. In the teacher improvement development during post-war Poland, at least several stages can be distinguished: the initial period characterized by the diversity and structural incoherence of teacher training; the period of reaching the rational concept of teachers' professional development; a period of full uniformity in the improvement of teachers; the period of building a system of continuing teacher education at the post-graduate level; period as the activity of the Teacher Training Institute and its branch offices stabilizes; development of post-graduate studies and qualification courses for teachers. After 2000s teacher training takes place at three categories: as self-education, intra- school teacher training [WDN] and institutional improvement outside of school. Contemporary professional development of teachers in Poland is also multithreaded, both institutional and non-institutional. Although during the last decades the self-education activity of teachers has increased, institutional forms that improve the skills and competences are still dominant. Instrumental improvement, which is instrumentally treated, unfortunately, but a limited extent, plays the role of a stimulator in the professional teacher development. Therefore, it is necessary to undertake various activities aimed at maintaining the motivation for the development and professional development of teachers. <strong><em>Conclusion. </em></strong>The instrumentally defined process of professional retraining, unfortunately, does not fully, plays the role of stimulator of teacher deve- lopment. Therefore, the process of gradual changes in the teachers` pedagogical activities require not only external control, but also the activity of the teachers, particularly, their acceptance of those values and aspirations as serve-development</p> Beata Cieśleńska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 3 11 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-03-11 Master High-Performance Sport Activity of Volyn Regional School in Ukraine https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2260 <p><strong>The relevance.</strong> The Volyn Regional School of Master High-Performance Sport plays a significant role in high-level sportsmen training. In the process of work a special athletes` leading sports training program, successfully cultivated in Volyn region and Ukraine, has been developed. The school work is assessed for the results of high-level athlets training and this serves as a basis for rating, but the results are not always emphasized&nbsp; and they are usually forgotten over the years.&nbsp;<strong><em>The aim of the research</em></strong> is to analyze Volyn Regional School of Master High-Performance Sport activity for the years of independence in Ukraine.<em> <strong>Methods of the research</strong></em> are historical and pedagogical analysis of archival documents, reports of sports organizations such as “Spartak”, “Dynamo”, “Kolos” and “Ukraina”), a survey among coaches and leaders of sports clubs’ leaders and resources on the Web.&nbsp;<strong><em>The results of the research. </em></strong>The analysis and generalization of archival reports enabled to reveal Volyn Regional School of Master High-Performance Sport activity. Founded in 1992, school promoted the development of sport in Volyn region and provided the opportunity of various athletes’ sport training. The sports departments were increasing with the successful performances of the athletes at All-Ukrainian and International competitions and also changed depending on the athletes’ readiness. &nbsp;During the school activity 4 Merited Masters of Sports of Ukraine, 51 Masters of Sports of the World Class, 151 Masters of Sports of Ukraine and 20 participants of the Olympic games have been trained. <strong><em>The</em></strong> <strong><em>conclusions</em></strong><strong>. </strong>The historical and pedagogical analysis of Volyn Regional School of Master High-Performance Sport activity enabled to single out certain achievements of the school during its functioning period. Volyn Regional School of Master High-Performance Sport became the basis for providing the athletes with training classes and it plays a significant role in the sportsmen’s life. Moreover, it provides the opportunity of enhancing sports skills and glorifying Ukraine and Volyn region at International competitions. &nbsp;</p> Volodymyr Yalovyk Anton Yalovyk Viktor Shumik ##submission.copyrightStatement## 4(52) 12 17 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-12-17 Fitness Programs Features According to the Body Types of High School Girls https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2261 <p><strong><em>The Actuality of the Research. </em></strong>Fitness is one of the most innovative approaches in the establishment of the physical training programme, which is good for shaping the body and body mass. Fitness contributes to the harmonization of physical development and improves the functional statement of body’s system. In the contemporary scientific researches it is expected that theoretical-methodological basis of fitness integration in the school system of physical education will contribute to increasing of physical preparedness level and motivation to practice sports among the teenagers, their physical development, health promotion, socialization and self-determination. <strong><em>The Methods of the Research. </em></strong>The analysis of academic papers, questionnaire, testing, medical examination of students, pedagogical experiment; determination of the level of physical development and physical preparedness; mathematical statistics method. The study was conducted on the basis of the Lutsk Middle School of General Education I–III levels № 18, Lutsk Middle School of General Education I– III levels № 25, Lutsk Jurisprudential Lyceum of Heavy Physical Training. 120 high school girls were involved in the study. <strong><em>The Results of the Research. </em></strong>Different physical types were taken into account by developing fitness programs (asthenic, hypersthenic, normosthenic). The results of the study show that 22 % of high school girls are asthenic body type, 19 % are hypersthenic, 59 % of high school girls are normosthenic body type. The strength exercises to increase the body mass and improve the muscle tone are recommended for girls of asthenic body type with slight stature, above average height, narrow shoulders, thin limbs and underweight. The high school girls of hypersthenic body type are with a massive body, average height, broad shoulders, short limbs and they are overweight. Physical exercises for them were focused on decrease in weight of a body, the reduction of body types (shoulders, thorax, stomach, pelvis, hips), the reduction of adipose tissue. The high school girls of normosthenic body type have relatively proportional body. That is why the physical activities are aimed at improvement of muscle tone, slowdown of body mass and reduction of the pelvis. <strong><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Висновки</span></span></em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"> . </span></span></strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Результати дослідження будуть застосовані до створення програми з метою підвищення фізичної активності та поліпшення функціональної та фізичної підготовленості для дівчат середньої школи.</span></span></p> Danilo Contiero Liudmyla Vashchuk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 18 22 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-18-22 Usage of the Method of Child Training for Improving Lessons of Physical Education for Children of 9–10 Years https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2262 <p>While exercising, there is a purposeful impact on the complex of body natural properties, which belongs to physical qualities of a person. Affecting physical qualities, under certain conditions, achieve a significant change of the level and direction of their development. In this regard, the aim of the research paper is to analyse the developed and scientifically grounded&nbsp; methods of circuit&nbsp; training&nbsp; for&nbsp; optimization of&nbsp; Physical Education lessons for&nbsp; primary school children.&nbsp; <strong><em>The Purpose of the Study </em>– </strong>to elaborate and scientifically substantiate the training methods optimization of Physical Education lessons for primary school children. <strong><em>Research Organization, </em></strong>based on the fact, that 107 pupils of 9<sup>th</sup>–10<sup>th</sup> forms took part at the experiment. They were divided into experimental and control groups (experimental groups include 27 boys and 26 girls; control groups –28 boys and 26 girls). The experiment was attended by 9–10 year-old boys and girls that were included to the main medical group. Results.The chosen tests were informative in order to the dynamics detection of the developed methods and gave a positive growth for both groups (p &lt;0,05; p &lt;0,01). But the best result was shown by the experimental group. Due to the fact that during the methodology construction, not only the sensitive development, but also those aspects that would motivate the children before classes, were taken into consideration. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>Data, obtained during the methodology implementation of the circuit training, proved the effectiveness of our methods, that used during the school year as a modernized tool for increasing the level of physical preparedness of primary school children.</p> Liudmyla Shuba Victoria Shuba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 23 29 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-23-29 Differentiated Developmental Assessment of Speed-Coordination Abilities of 5–11 Forms Pupils Using the Double-Arrow Test https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2264 <p>The working out of new tests will generally change the approach to physical education of schoolchildren. If the new tests include more creative motor problem solving component, children will approach them with a completely different creative understanding and implementation. <strong><em>The purpose</em></strong> <strong><em>of the </em></strong><strong><em>research</em></strong> is to determine the standards of differentiated developmental assessment of pupils` speed-coordination abilities using the Double -Arrow Test. Standards for the differentiated developmental assessment of senior pupils` speed-coordination abilities using the Double -Arrow Test are calculated according&nbsp;to&nbsp;a 12-point sigmoid scale. <strong><em>The methods</em></strong> of theoretical analysis and synthesis, analysis of scientific and methodological literature, methods of mathematical statistics have been used in the research paper. <strong><em>The reseach</em></strong><strong><em> participants</em></strong><strong>.</strong> This study was conducted at the Volodymyr the Great “Cadet Corps” Boarding Lyceum No 23, that is located in Kyiv. 406 pupils of 5-11 forms (n = 406) &nbsp;were involved in the research and divided into age groups, accordingly 17-16, 15-14, 13-12,10-11 years old. The children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and agreed to participate in the experiment. <strong><em>The r</em></strong><strong><em>esults of the research</em></strong><strong>.</strong> Standards for differentiated developmental assessment of pupils` speed-coordination abilities using the Double-Arrow Test, which are calculated according&nbsp;to the 12-point sigmoid scale for pupils aged 17-16 within 22,73 – 17,47 sec., for pupils 15-14 within 24,17 – 17,56 sec., for pupils aged 13-12 within 18,24 – 28,2 sec. and for pupils aged 11-10 within 18,53 – 29,03 seconds. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> According to the research results, senior pupils of 17-16 years old have more developed abilities to adapt and quickly change motor actions, as well as improved spatiotemporal and dynamic characteristics of their orientation. This is due to accelerated physical developmental at this age. The assessment results of the 15-10 year old pupils` are almost at the same level.</p> Vadym Shchyrba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 30 36 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-30-36 Physical Therapy of Women in Labor after Abdominoplasty During a Long-Term Period of Rehabilitation https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2266 <p>Abdominoplasty is a type of surgery, that in 2018, according to statistic data of the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), ranks 4<sup>th</sup> place in popularity of execution. A woman in labor is the most popular category of people who often apply for this operation. Plastic surgeons do not pay long-term attention to the restoration of the anterior abdominal wall muscles, so patients may have difficulty returning to normal lifestyle. Therefore, only physical therapy can restore the functional state of the abdominal muscles. <strong><em>The purpose of the research </em></strong>is to present the results of the author's program effectiveness on physical therapy for women in labor after abdominoplasty during a long-term period of rehabilitation. <strong><em>Research methods</em></strong> included the formation of the main (n=3) and control groups (n=3) parturient women after the abdominoplasty. The average age is 30±2.9 years. The study was carried out at the Center for Healthy Spine “Kinezofit” in Kyiv, Ukraine. For participating in the research, consent was obtained from the Center`s management and the study patients<em>. <strong>The research methods</strong></em> as analysis of scientific and methodological literature, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of sociological research, methods of assessing the functional state and instrumental methods were used during the study. <strong><em>Research Results.</em></strong> Evaluation of the effectiveness of the conducting physical therapy program for the control and groups was carried out according to the results of the Oswestry Disability Index questionnaire on the quality of life with the calculation of the statistical significance by Student's t-test. The results of this questionnaire demonstrated a significant difference in the dynamics of the main group (x̅ = 19%, with S = 0.58) from the control (x̅ = 28.5%, S = 1.53), with p &lt;0.01. <strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong>The results are statistically significant; therefore, it should be considered that the developed and approved program of physical therapy after abdominoplasty of women in labor during a long period of rehabilitation is more effective than the program of the Center for the Healthy Spine “Kinezofit”.</p> Svitlana Pylypenko Yuliia Kopochynska ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 37 43 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-37-43 Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Methods after Surgical Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke During a Post-Hospital Period https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2267 <p><strong>Topicality. </strong>Currently, the number of patients with severe neurological disorders is growing catastrophically rapidly all over the world, and in particular in Ukraine. The most common of which are сerebrovascular accidents (brain attacks), such as hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes. Most researchers have focused on the patients` rehabilitation after the ischemic stroke. That has led to study and update the recovery program for individuals after hemorrhagic stroke. The WHO estimates that a significant number of stroke patients have been identified as disabled and need a lifelong care. Therefore, the introduction of the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) methods into the physical therapy program for patients after surgical treatment of hemorrhagic stroke during the post-hospital period is urgent. <strong><em>Research purpose</em></strong> is to analyze the use of the PNF method in physical therapy of patients after surgical hemorrhagic stroke treatment during the post-hospital period<strong>. <em>Research methods</em> </strong>are analysis of literature sources with further processing of research data on the effectiveness of the PNF method in the program of patients recovery after surgical hemorrhagic stroke treatment during the post-hospital period by assessing functional independence and muscle strength. <strong><em>R</em></strong><strong><em>esults of </em></strong><strong><em>the research</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> An insufficient number of used means of recovery and a tendency to occupational therapy within the physical therapy programs of patients after surgical hemorrhagic stroke treatment during the post-hospital period has been revealed. Therefore, the PNF method has been developed and introduced into the FT program of patients after hemorrhagic stroke treatment during the post-hospital period. <strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><strong>. </strong>The proposed method improved the connection between muscles and innervating nerves, which reduced spasticity, improved muscle strength and increased functional independence of patients after hemorrhagic stroke during the post-hospital period of physical therapy.</p> Daria Stepanenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 44 50 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-44-50 The Elaboration of Treatment and Rehabilitation Complex Myopia Methods and a Study of Its Efficiency for Children Aged 10–11 https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2268 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong> For the treatment of childhood myopia, a large number of methods have been proposed, among them physical rehabilitation techniques and pathogenically justified methods. In practice, in order to improve the effectiveness of treatment, there is a need to systematize their use. To solve this problem, the conditions of health resort treatment are most preferable. <strong><em>The purpose of the research</em></strong> is to develop a complex of treatment and rehabilitation methods and study their effectiveness for myopia of children aged 10-11. <strong><em>Research methods.</em></strong> The study involved 68 children that were treated at a pediatric health resort. Thus, two peer study groups were formed. In the control group, children received routine ophthalmic&nbsp;treatment. In the treatment group, according to the myopia pathogenesis specifics, step therapy was suggested, which was supplemented by exercises to strengthen extraocular muscles compared to the treatment in the control group. At the beginning and at the end of treatment, the children received an ophthalmological observation and assessment of their physical condition. Statistical processing of the obtained digital values was performed using Student's t-test. <strong><em>Results</em></strong><strong>.</strong> During health resort treatment, three stages according to the pathogenetic chains of myopia development were distinguished and taking into account generally accepted motor regimens in the conditions of health resort treatment: sparing treatment, health improving training and active training, which were complemented by exercises aimed at extraocular muscles strengthening. The use of the proposed complex of treatment and rehabilitation methods allowed increasing the treatment by 32%.&nbsp;<strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> The weakening of children`s physical well-being and promotion their eye strain is the reason for the increase in number of children with myopia, that requires rehabilitation measures improvement for myopia. Elaboration of the complex therapeutic and rehabilitation methods, taking into account the peculiarities of etiology and pathogenesis is one of the trends of rehabilitation therapy improvement for myopia. The proposed approach of step therapy of myopia and gradual increase of physical activity after the relaxation stage allowed to improve the children`s physical training and promote the effectiveness of myopia treatment by 32%. On completion of the health resort treatment course, the child should receive recommendations for further rehabilitation activities.</p> Rayisa Chalanova Nataliia Havrylova Viktoriia Onyshchuk Iryna Matseiko Sergy Lominoga ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 51 59 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-51-59 Special Physical Training of High Educational Institutions Athletes in a Short Running Race https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2269 <p><strong><em>Topicality.</em></strong>&nbsp;Running is one of the most popular activities in the world. Practicing this kind of sport is an important means of physical education, so it occupies one of the first places in the nature of motor actions. Short running race is the oldest type of athletic exercises included in modern athletics. It is characterized by the maximum intensity of the entire distance running at the anaerobic mode. Physical training of a runner for the short running race is divided into general and special.&nbsp;Special physical training of sprint athletes studying at higher education institutions is a multi-year and multifaceted process. It includes physical, tactical, technical and psychological training. The growth of sports results is possible due to the harmonious balance of all training aspects. The methods of intensification of special sprinters training will be effective and pedagogically expedient if it is based on reliable knowledge of the structural components of the athletes training, taking into account individual motor skills indicators.&nbsp;<strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>research</em></strong><strong><em> purpose</em></strong> is to substantiate the impact of training loads on the special physical training of students who specialize in 100 and 200 meters running races. <strong><em>The </em></strong><strong><em>research </em></strong><strong><em>tasks</em></strong> are studying and highlighting the researched problem analysis in domestic and foreign sources; determining the impact of training loads on the female students’ special physical training at sportsmanship improving classes.&nbsp;<strong><em>Methods</em></strong><strong><em> of the research</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong> Analysis and synthesis of scientific literature sources, dialogues, pedagogical observation, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics. <strong><em>Results</em></strong><strong><em> of the research</em></strong><strong><em>.</em></strong>&nbsp;The success of sprinters training depends on the effectiveness of methods, organization and managemnt of the training process. The use of a significant number of special means of physical and functional training in the training process effectively affected the students physical fitness of the main group. In particular, a probable increase of 100 and 200 meters running results was established, which indicates the girls` anaerobic capacity development who are specialized in the short running race. The indicators of 30 meter flying start run, as well as 100 and 200 meters and shuttle running showed an increased results of female students of the main group. There is a slight increase in speed, coordination and anaerobic-aerobic capacity of female students of the control group. Such results are due to the use of larger number of anaerobic training modes. <strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong> It is necessary to use a significant number of general and special tools for the formation of physical and functional fitness during the students’ educational and training process. In particular, for the female students` training in short running race, it is advisable to increase the training at anaerobic and anaerobic-aerobic modes, which will promote the development of speed, speed endurance and functionality improving.</p> Svitlana Savchuk Nataliia Zakhozha Volodymyr Zakhozhyi Ninel Matskevych Volodymyr Dobrynskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 60 66 10.29038/2220-7481-2020-04-60-66 To the anniversary of Doctor of Physical Education and Sports, Professor Alla Ivanovna Alyoshina https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2270 <p>To the anniversary of Doctor of Physical Education and Sports, Professor Alla Ivanovna Alyoshina</p> Zhanna Mudryk ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 67 68 Information for authors https://sport.vnu.edu.ua/index.php/sport/article/view/2271 <div class="UdTY9 BwTYAc" aria-hidden="true" data-location="1">Information for authors</div> <div class="dePhmb">&nbsp;</div> indyka svitlana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 4(52) 69 72